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Data Management and Planetary Science Enabling Facilities

Tuesday, August 1, 2023, 11:15 AM

Reports on data management and new Planetary Science Enabling Facilities (PSEF) descriptions

11:15 AM
Kathleen Vander Kaaden
SPD-41a and PSEF Program Update
11:30 AM
Pierre Haenecour
Update on the OREx-Astromat Special Study and Need for Community Standards in the Context of SPD-41a
11:45 AM
Kerstin Lehnert
AstroMAT: Overview and Current Development Plan
12:00 PM
Pierre Haencour, Rhiannon Mayne
12:25 PM
Pierre Haencour, Rhiannon Mayne
Lightning Talks: Nine New PSEF Facilities Selections
12:27 PM
Hanna R. D.* Ketcham R. A. Edey D. R.
Planetary Science Enabling Facility: University of Texas High-Resolution X-Ray CT Facility (UTCT) [#3010]
X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a nondestructive means of examining the interiors of opaque solid objects. Contrast in CT data results from differences in X-ray attenuation that are primarily a function of density and atomic number within the specimen. The resulting data are rich in both qualitative insight through visualization of 3D volumes and 2D slices and quantitative information that can be accessed through specialized volume-based computations. Most importantly for unique and irreplaceable planetary materials, CT is non-destructive, providing a holistic textural characterization of specimens and the phases within them prior to destructive sectioning and analysis, making it complementary to virtually all microanalytical techniques. The University of Texas High-Resolution X-ray CT Facility (UTCT) has operated since 1999 as an NSF-supported shared multi-user facility in UT’s Department of Geological Sciences. UTCT houses and continually updates instrumentation optimized for the range of sample sizes and densities most commonly analyzed by earth and planetary scientists. The North Star Imaging (NSI) scanner includes a 16” 2048x2048 detector paired with two X-ray sources. A 450-kV high-energy X-ray source with 0.4- and 1.0-mm spot sizes provides the capability to image large (~dm-scale) and/or dense specimens, while a 225-kV microfocal X-ray source with a 5-µm spot size enables higher-detail imaging of objects that can be penetrated by lower-energy X-rays. Recent enhancements include capabilities for super-sampling to increase resolution and 4D scanning for experiments evolving through time. The Zeiss Xradia 620 Versa scanner has an X-ray source that ranges from 30 to 160 kV and up to 25W, and a suite of detectors that enable optimal resolution on objects from cm to mm scale. Feature detectability reaches to 0.5 µm and voxel size to ~0.04 µm. As a NASA Planetary Science Enabling Facility (PSEF), UTCT provides a 50% discount and priority scheduling to all NASA Planetary Science Division (PSD)-funded users. Samples shipped to our facility typically have a two-week turnaround to data delivery, or clients are welcome to bring samples and visit the lab. Contact Romy Hanna at romy@jsg.utexas.edu or visit www.ctlab.geo.utexas.edu for more information.
12:34 PM
Haley Cummings
Planetary Aeolian Laboratory
12:41 PM
Goodrich C. A.* Crossley S. Balta J. B.
The Lunar and Planetary Institute Scanning Electron Microscope Facility [#3009]
The Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI) Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Facility (LPI Science Labs and Equipment (usra.edu)) houses a desktop model SEM, the Phenom XL (from Nanosciences Instruments), which was purchased with a Strategic Investment Grant (SIG) from Universities Space Research Association (USRA), and has been augmented by a PSEF grant from NASA. The facility is used by LPI and LPI-ARES staff scientists and postdoctoral fellows to analyze extraterrestrial materials and analogs under research grants from the NASA EW, SSW, PSTAR, and SSERVI (CLSE) programs. It also play a critical role in teaching and research conducted in the LPI Summer (undergraduate) Intern Program in Planetary Science (LPI Summer Intern Program in Planetary Science (usra.edu)). The establishment of the LPI SEM Facility greatly reduces the historical reliance of LPI scientists and interns on the electron beam instrumentation in the ARES (Astromaterials Research Exploration Science) division at Johnson Space Center (JSC), which has become increasingly problematic as the demand on ARES instruments has grown. The LPI SEM also fills a niche in the ARES suite of electron beam instruments, by offering a high-quality, simple-to-use, instrument sufficient for conducting many types of sample studies, as well as obtaining preliminary data in preparation for analyses with other types of instruments. The facility will also be used by visiting scientists, as well as scientists from local universities and colleges including the University of Houston and Rice University. The PSEF program funded the acquisition of an evaporative carbon coater, which has now been installed in the lab, a multi-year service contract for maintenance and support of the SEM, support for lab management, and future software updates and addition. These acquisitions are helpting to make the LPI SEM Facility fully independent and competitive so that it can serve the broader planetary science community in addition to LPI and ARES.
12:48 PM
Filiberto J.* Burton A. Hahn T. M. Keller L. P. Rampe E. et al.
The NASA Facility for Astromaterials Research at the Johnson Space Center - A National Laboratory for Planetary Research [#3005]
The Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science (ARES) Division at the NASA Johnson Space Center has established the NASA Facility for Astromaterials Research (NFAR) through the NASA Planetary Science Enabling Facilities program. NFAR is designed to provide access to our unique combination of laboratories, instruments, infrastructure, and technical expertise for conducting broad-based world-class planetary research. NFAR enables direct access to both research and curation expertise, to facilitate specialized sample handling and analysis of astromaterials and planetary analog materials, particularly those affiliated with institutions that historically have limited access to or lack in-house analytical or experimental facilities. We issue three calls for user proposals each year due the last day of April, July, and November. We award NFAR research projects to users in a competitive peer-reviewed proposal process. Proposals to use NFAR labs are limited to < 5 pages. More information can be found at: https://ares.jsc.nasa.gov/research/nasa-facility-astromaterials-research/.
12:55 PM
Zega T. J.* Barnes J. J. Haenecour P. Lauretta D. S. Chang Y. J. et al.
The Kuiper-Arizona Laboratory For Astromaterials Analysis [#3012]
The chemical and physical history of our solar system is encoded within the solid relics left over from its birth over 4.5 billion years ago. Deciphering that history and addressing fundamental questions on our origins requires cutting-edge instrumentation capable of analyzing planetary materials such as meteorites, micrometeorites, and samples returned by spacecraft missions over a range of length scales. The Kuiper-Arizona Laboratory for Astromaterials Analysis (K-ALFAA) at the University of Arizona (UA) was founded in 2016, motivated by the need for accessible world-class instrumentation in support of research on planetary materials including those returned by missions such as Apollo, Luna, Hayabusa, Hayabusa2, and those to be returned by the OSIRIS-REx Mission. The K-ALFAA is open to the entire UA community, planetary-science community, as well as regional private- and public-sector users. The KMICF serves >125 researchers each year from within and outside UA, >30% of which are NASA-funded researchers.
1:02 PM
Dukes C. A.* Woodson A. K. Terwisscha van Scheltinga J. Ihlefeld J. Johnson R. E.
KEVION: A Kilo-Electron-Volt Ion irradiatiON Facility for Space Science [#3011]
The Kilo-ElectronVolt ION Irradiation (KEVION) Facility for Space Science—a new NASA Planetary Science Enabling Facility—is currently under development within the Laboratory for Astrophysics and Surface Physics at the University of Virginia (LASP-UVa). The facility will comprise (1) a 25-300 keV Pelletron ion accelerator, providing positive ions over a wide range of species, charges, and energies; (2) a novel multi-technique sample analysis and irradiation chamber; (3) a sophisticated, existent, cryogenic chamber; and (4) a minimally-instrumented test chamber. The facility is scheduled to become fully operational by the end of 2025, though some of the analytical techniques will likely be available earlier. A full-time instrument scientist will be available to assist with experiment planning, instrument instruction and operation, and data analysis procedures. Specific details about the Pelletron accelerator and the available end chambers with associated analytical techniques will be presented in our poster and are summarized on NASA’s science link: https://science.nasa.gov/science-pink/s3fs-public/atoms/files/KEVION.pdf. We expect the KEVION facility to be utilized for studies across virtually all NASA solicitations including: LARS, Emerging Worlds, Exobiology, ICAR, laboratory-based PDARs, Solar System Workings, PICASSO, MatISSE, and those Data Analysis Programs with laboratory components. A steady client base for LASP-UVa research services over the last 25 years has suggested a strong community need for an ion irradiation facility to complement current NASA research centers and to open up new research opportunities to a diverse, multi-disciplinary NASA community. Use of the facility will be free of charge for projects funded through NASA’s Planetary Science Division (PSD), while non-PSD and non-NASA academic/industrial/government clients will be charged based on a sliding scale during periods when KEVION is not being utilized for PSD-funded research. We welcome discussion about your projects and proposals, please contact the KEVION facility PI, Catherine Dukes, at cdukes@virginia.edu.


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